Plastic surgery is a type of medical procedure specializing in reconstruction and repairing damaged or missing skin and tissue, usually because of injury, illness, surgery, or an abnormality present at birth. This procedure is done to restore the function of skin and tissue to as close to normal as possible. The secondary aim is to improve the appearance of body parts. Cosmetic surgery, on the other hand, is a procedure carried out solely to improve or change a healthy person’s look to achieve what he/she feels is a more appealing look. Plastic surgeons aim to improve or change patients’ self–image and appearance through both cosmetic and reconstructive procedures.
A plastic surgeon is a surgeon or physician who specializes in creating, transforming, and reshaping the human body and face. They can repair a cleft lip, birthmarks, webbed fingers, extensive burns, areas damaged by the removal of tissue, and other serious conditions. They can also help people recover their confidence and self–esteem following surgery. Plastic surgery can use several techniques, but the main ones are tissue expansion, skin flap surgery, and skin grafts. In addition to these techniques, surgeons use many other methods, such as grafting or fat transfer, vacuum closure, prosthetic devices, and camouflage cream or make–up.
Some of the most common plastic surgery procedures include:
• Breast implants
• Tummy tuck
Augmentation mammaplasty, or breast augmentation, is the enlarging of a woman’s breasts using silicone or saline implants. It is one of the most popular cosmetic surgery procedures. This type of surgery is done to improve symmetry and increase the fullness of the breasts. It is also done to restore breast volume lost after pregnancy or weight loss.
Also known as lipoplasty, liposuction reshapes or slims specific areas of the body by extracting excess fat deposits, thereby improving the body’s proportion and contours, and in due course, enhancing one’s self–image. This procedure may be used to reduce excess fat deposits on the hips, thighs, buttocks, waist, abdomen, back, upper arms, cheeks, neck and chin, ankles, and calves.
An abdominoplasty, or tummy tuck, removes excess fat and skin, creating an abdominal profile that is firmer and smoother. In most cases, this procedure restores separated or weakened muscles. During the procedure, the abdomen is flattened when extra skin and fat are removed and muscles tightened. Although one may associate beer guts with men, women undergo far more tummy tuck procedures.
Rhinoplasty, also called a nose job, is the reshaping of the nose to increase or decrease its size, to change the angle between the upper lip and nose, or to narrow the size of the nostrils. This procedure is popular with both men and women. It can improve the proportion and appearance of the nose or correct breathing problems associated with the nose.
A rhytidectomy, or facelift, is a procedure done to improve signs of aging in the neck or face, such as deep creases below the eyelids, sagging face, loss of skin tone, and loose skin. During the procedure, the surgeon removes excess fat and tightens muscles before the skin is re-draped. This results in tighter and smoother skin on the neck and face.
There are complications and risks associated with plastic surgery, as with any type of surgery. The level of risk, however, will depend on several factors, including the skill of the plastic surgeon, the overall health of the patient, and the size of the body area being worked on.